By Tayiba Ahmad
During the Islamic Golden Age, which lasted from the mid-8th century to the mid thirteenth century, scholarly learning was greatly prized by the Arabs and Muslims, and Arab scholars majorly contributed to developments in science and mathematics. Amongst these were the developments they made in astronomy. Arab astronomers made innovative discoveries and conducted research that was later adopted by astronomers from other parts of the world. Unfortunately, astronomy in the Arab world has declined, even though it is needed, not only particularly for religious purposes, but also for other philosophical purposes.